♦ oil

♦ oil
♦ oil /ɔɪl/
A n.
1 [u] olio: mineral [vegetable] oils, oli minerali [vegetali]; olive oil, olio d'oliva; fatty (o fixed) oils, oli grassi (o fissi); essential (o volatile) oils, oli essenziali (o volatili); whale oil, olio di balena
2 [u] petrolio: oil production, la produzione di petrolio; to drill for oil, cercare il petrolio; crude oil, petrolio greggio
3 (pl.) (= oil colours) colori a olio
4 [u] (ind.) olio essenziale; essenza: oil of cloves, olio essenziale di chiodi di garofano
5 dipinto (quadro, ritratto) a olio
6 [u] (cucina) olio; grasso: I cook without using any oils, io cucino senza grassi
7 [u] (= fuel oil) olio combustibile; gasolio; nafta
8 [u] (fam. USA) adulazione; sapone (fig. fam.)
9 [u] (fam. USA) mezzo di corruzione; bustarella; pizzo; tangente; mazzetta
10 [u] (slang USA) alcolici; liquori
11 (al pl., fin., Borsa) titoli petroliferi
B a. attr.
1 del petrolio; petrolifero
2 dell'olio; oleario: the oil market, il mercato oleario
oil-based paint = oil paint ► sotto □ oil-bearing, petrolifero; ricco di petrolio □ oil bottle, oliera □ oil burner, bruciatore a gasolio (o a nafta); (slang) automezzo che consuma troppo □ (ind.) oil cake, panello di semi oleosi □ oil central heating, riscaldamento centrale a gasolio (o a nafta) □ oil colour, colore a olio □ (fin.) oil company, società petrolifera □ (mecc.) oil-cooled, raffreddato a olio □ (ind. petrolifera) oil derrick, torre di trivellazione; derrick □ (mecc.) oil feeder, oliatore a pressione □ (mecc.) oil filter, filtro dell'olio □ oil-fired, (funzionante) a nafta (o a gasolio): oil-fired boiler, caldaia a gasolio (o a nafta) □ oil-fired heating, riscaldamento a gasolio (o a nafta) □ oil fires, incendi di pozzi petroliferi □ oil fuel, olio combustibile; gasolio; nafta □ (zool.) oil gland, ghiandola che secerne olio; ghiandola del codrione (o dell'uropigio) □ oil meal, farina di semi di lino □ oil mill, frantoio; oleificio □ (bot.) oil nut, noce oleifera; noce oleosa □ oil of turpentine, acquaragia □ (chim.) oil of vitriol, acido solforico; olio di vetriolo (pop.) □ oil paint, pittura a olio (la materia) □ oil painting, quadro a olio; pittura a olio; (fig.) bellezza: He's [She's] no oil painting, non è una bellezza; non è un Adone [una Venere] □ (mecc.) oil pan, coppa dell'olio □ oil pipeline, oleodotto □ (naut., ind. petrolifera) oil platform, piattaforma per ricerche petrolifere □ oil press, torchio per olio □ oil pump, (autom., mecc.) pompa dell'olio; (in un impianto di riscaldamento) pompa del gasolio (o della nafta) □ oil refining company, società di raffinazione del petrolio □ oil rig ► oilrig □ (mecc.) oil seal, tenuta a olio; (anche) paraolio □ oil-seed, seme oleifero □ (geol.) oil shale, argillite petrolifera (o bituminosa) □ oil slick, macchia di petrolio greggio sul mare (per collisione o incaglio di petroliere) □ oil spill, fuoriuscita di petrolio (da una petroliera incagliata, ecc.) □ oil storage tank, serbatoio di petrolio □ (naut.) oil tanker, petroliera □ oil terminal, deposito (del) petrolio (in un porto, ecc.) □ (sport: autom.) oil-warning flag, bandierina che avverte i piloti della presenza di olio sulla pista □ oil waste disposal, smaltimento dei residui di petrolio □ oil well, pozzo petrolifero □ oil worker, addetto alla lavorazione del petrolio; petroliere □ to burn the midnight oil, stare alzato la notte per lavorare (o per studiare) □ (di alimenti) in oil, sott'olio □ (di dipinto) in oils, a olio □ (di un quadro) painted in oils, dipinto a olio □ (fig.) to pour oil on the flames, gettar olio sul fuoco □ (fig.) to pour oil on troubled waters, (tentare di) metter pace; rappacificare gli animi □ to strike oil, trovare il petrolio; (fig.) trovare quello che si cercava, fare centro; avere successo, fare fortuna.
(to) oil /ɔɪl/
A v. t.
1 lubrificare; oliare; ingrassare: to oil a padlock, oliare un lucchetto
2 fondere (burro, grasso, ecc.)
3 lucidare (mobili, ecc.)
4 (fam.) adulare; insaponare (fig.)
5 (slang) corrompere; comprare (q.); ungere le ruote a (q.) (fig.)
B v. i.
1 fondersi (di burro, grasso, ecc.)
2 (naut.) fare nafta; rifornirsi di nafta
● (slang) to oil sb.'s palm, corrompere (o comprare) q.; ungere le ruote a q. (fig.) □ (fam.) to oil up, adulare, insaponare (fig.) □ (fig.) to oil the wheels (o the works) of, rendere più scorrevole (o più liscio); facilitare, agevolare (rapporti, trattative, ecc.) □ oiled sardines, sardine sott'olio □ (slang: di persona) to be well oiled, essere alticcio, brillo.

English-Italian dictionary. 2013.

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